A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge defines project as “a complex task with a start and ending point,” (PMBOK, 2013). The discipline of project management has various definitions. Some describe it as a systematic method of planning and guiding a project from start to finish, while others have defined project management as a methodical approach of achieving targets and goals while optimizing the use of resources such as people, money, time, and space.
Some have referred to project management as the ability to be open and to elicit commitments through effective communication regarding how team members are willing to participate.
Thus, good project managers should be able to communicate effectively within their own teams as well as across the organizational network. Project managers must also be artful at delegation, and they must understand that a cohesive team that works well together is critical to their success. While many associate project management with military logistics, information technology, and construction, project management procedures are integrated in some aspect of most occupations.
Today, in addition to their normal duties, employees are often expected to take on additional assignments to get the job done on time and under budget.